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Good afternoon, Ladies and Gentlemen. My name is Oldrich Vlcek and today I would like to talk about and distinguish different meanings and examples of stars in the terms of science, literature and humanities. May I ask you a question. What does a term “star” means for you. For some people, stars is a symbol of dreams. For others it is a symbol of a faith and for other people it is a just an object in the universe. The Modern Science views the stars as cosmic energy engines, that produce light, energy, x-rays and other forms of radiation.

The universe is made of almost one hundred billion galaxies and each of them contains over one hundred billions stars. Stars’ composition is mainly comprised of plasma and gas. Its brightness, luminosity is determined of how much energy they put out and how far they are located from the Earth. Stars may also show up in different colors and sizes. Different colors are caused by different temperatures. And we can range them from dwarfs up to supergiants. It takes more than hundreds of billions years to create a star.

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The first stage of this long process starts, when molecules of hydrogen, floating in space, come together in a satisfactory mass and unite together to make a protostar. To make this happen there has to be an event which causes the molecules of hydrogen to collide. Mostly it is caused by a shockwave of a supernova, a collision with other nebula or the wake of a black hole. But this is just a beginning. It takes another hundred billions of years to protostar to gain sufficient mass, to evolve into a T Tauri star, which can be described as a very hot ball of gas.

Another stage of evolving T Tauri star into a star occurs, when in T Tauri core starts a nuclear fusion. It means that protons of hydrogen combine with neutrons to form a helium nuclei. The temperature and pressure during the fusion in T Tauri’s core are extremely high. So, this is the scientific explanation of stars, however in literature they can mean and be taken as something totally different. Range of authors can take the stars as symbols of mystery, dreams, wishes or desires. For example in the poem “My wishing star” written by “Sameera Sameer”, star is a symbol of a believe in a wish.

The poet is trying to make her wishes true by telling them to the star, making the role of the star in the poem very important and subjective. We can see, that the poet increases the tension to describe the star to something, which always makes the right decision, moreover finds the poet ” a true friend”. This meaning of the star, puts it into another significance and you can imagine the star as your best friend or person, which will take care of you. So I am assured, that the star in this poem is not taken only as believe, but also can be understood as a person closed to our hearts.

Furthermore, the star can be explained as the only right and possible “tool” which can make the poet’s life happier. Identify yourself with the poet’s feeling. Feel the impressions of a star with the poet, read the poem again, close your eyes and try to think about the star as about your best friend, which puts you into a “better place”, which reflects ” a happiness on your face”, which “twinkles” you in the space. In addition I would like to say, that although author explains the star as the symbol of dreams and symbol of best friend, she also describes the star as a religious term of faith.

In Humanities and Religion the symbol of a star is mostly known in the religion of judaism. The David’s star is the probably most significant and known symbol among the jewish community. In Hebrew it is called “Magen David” and in translation means “shield of David”. This shows another significance of this symbol. In the case of judaism, the star represents a symbol of protection and safety. However for jews it is more important as a symbol of unity. Although almost everyone would associate the David’s Star with judaism, we don’t know the true origins of this symbol yet.

In the history the David’s star was also closely connected with Christians, Muslims and even with time of the King Solomon. The first time the David’s star is associated with rabbinic literature is in middle ages, where it becomes a deeper symbol with spiritual meaning. At this time, the David’s star becomes very popular among the jewish community and is taken as architectural decoration. It became a symbol of pride and jews usually used it for showing their origins, culture and unity.

However the David’s star in the time of the Second World War, where Hitler force the jews to wear yellow David’s star, it did not represent a pride anymore. It represented a “badge of shame”. But after the end of the Second World War, the David’s star gained an even bigger popularity among the jews than before the Second World War and it became a symbol of a memory to the victims of the Holoucaust, which never should been forgotten. In conclusion I would like to say that a star is very important symbol, not only in science, but also in humanities and literature.

This cosmic energy engine, thanks to which we can live on this planet has a representation in many historical events, cultures and literature pieces, symbolizing dreams, wishes, faith or a protection. I hope you took out some interesting fact gained some new useful knowledge. Thank you everyone for your attention. Show preview only The above preview is unformatted text This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Languages section.

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