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Paleo-anthropologists can and sometimes will also prepare archeological digs in some instances or sift the soil or dirt around a discovered object to find more clues or bones. In one instance, while at Olduvai Gorge, Louis Leakey found the jaw of a extinct pig, then bones of a elephant-like creature which lead to some hominid teeth and then a hominid jaw believed to exist during the extinct creatures’ time. He found all this evidence while seemingly crawling through the mud on a rainy day in Olduvai Gorge, which is a plain north of Tanzania and has mountains dating as far back as more than 5 million years old.

Louis Leakey on Left and colleague An example of how a significant skeletal remain is analyzed can be that of Lucy or Australopithecus afarensis. Lucy was discovered in 1974 by Donald Johanson, anthropologist and professor, in Ethiopia as mentioned earlier. She is said to have eaten fruits, seeds and nuts meaning she was a mostly herbivore which can supported estimating the type of environment she could have been in at the time of death and she wasn’t a meat-eater because of her teeth and jaw or she couldn’t control fire, she did however eat insects.

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Although a full cranium wasn’t found evidence of others in her same time period have shown similar characteristics and have had small head, showing evidence of a small brain. Scientist agree that she walked upright because of her pelvis is less flared than that of a chimp, but some may argue that she walk perfectly straight. They theorized Lucy may have kept bent her knees and hip a little. She is thought to have looked like a primate with human characteristics. A year after Lucy’s discovery one of Johanson’s students found a series of thirteen skeletons in the same area as Lucy6.

Because of the significant size difference scientist are skeptical that they are the same species as Lucy and even eachother, although Lucy was considerably small herself. Paleo-anthropologists use many forms of proving or supporting evidence when defining human origin and in this way they have uncovered an entire world we have never physically experienced or changed. In knowing that we just didn’t appear on the earth from thin air we gain insight to what the future holds, all by using simple techniques and methods to find our past.

Paleo-anthropologists use archeology and anthropology forms of study early man which creates a science that gives you the best of both worlds; fossilized skeletons and culture all in one. Maybe one day we will be able to benefit even more from the evidence that is still out there for discovery.

Bibliography 1. Anthropology 3. Dept. home page. 23 Dec. 2003. U of California, Santa Barbra. 18 Sept. 2004 ;http://id-archserve. ucsb. edu/Anth3/Courseware/Chronology/08_Radiocarbon_ Dating. html;. 2. Crystal, Ellie. “The Leakey Family. ”

Famous Anthropologists . 15 Sept. 2004. Crystal Links. 18 Sept.2004 ;http://www. crystalinks. com/anthropologists. html;. 3. Jacobs, James Q. Paleoanthropology in the 1990’s. Fall 2002. 18 Sept. 2004 <http://www. jqjacobs. net/anthro/paleo/>. 4. Liukkonen, Petri. “Louis Seymour Bazett Leakey (1903-1972) . ” Pegasos. 2000. books and writers. 18 Sept. 2004 <http://www. kirjasto. sci. fi/leakey. htm>. 5. Magee, Dr M D. “Dating – Physical Methods. ” Jewish Mythology. Spring 2002. Ask Why! 15 Sept. 2004 <http://www. askwhy. co. uk/judaism/0495DatingPhysicalMethods. html>. 6. Margaret, Poynter. The Leakeys : uncovering the origins of humankind / Margaret Poynter..

Springfield, NJ: Enslow Publishers, 1997. 7. BBC “Mother of Man – 3. 2 million year. ” Human Evolution. 2002. <http://www. bbc. co. uk/science/cavemen/chronology/contentpage1. shtml#An%20upright%20chimp> 1 Magee, Dr M D. “Dating – Physical Methods. ” Jewish Mythology. Spring 2002. Ask Why! 15 Sept. 2004 <http://www. askwhy. co. uk/judaism/0495DatingPhysicalMethods. html>. 2 Anthropology 3. “Chronological Methods. ” 23 Dec. 2003. U of California, Santa Barbra. 18 Sept. 2004 < http://id-archserve. ucsb. edu/Anth3/Courseware/Chronology/ >. 2 Same as “2” above 3 Liukkonen, Petri.

“Louis Seymour Bazett Leakey (1903-1972). ” Pegasos. 2000. books and writers. 15 Sept. 2004 <http://www. kirjasto. sci. fi/leakey. htm > 4 Crystal, Ellie. “The Leakey Family. ” Famous Anthropologists . 15 Sept. 2004. Crystal Links. 18 Sept. 2004 <http://www. crystalinks. com/anthropologists. html>. 5 Jacobs, James Q. Paleoanthropology in the 1990’s. Fall 2002. 18 Sept. 2004 ;http://www. jqjacobs. net/anthro/paleo/;. 6 BBC “Mother of Man – 3. 2 million years. ” Human Evolution. 2002. ;http://www. bbc. co. uk/science/cavemen/chronology/contentpage1. shtml#An%20upright%20chimp;.

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