What similarities and differences are there between historical and scientific explanations? Introduction Define “Science”: According to Dictionary. com, the definition of the word “science” is: “1. a branch of knowledge or study dealing with a body of facts or truths systematically arranged and showing the operation of general laws: the mathematical sciences. 2. Systematic knowledge of the physical or material world gained through observation and experimentation. ” Define “History”: According to Dictionary. com, the definition of the word “history” is: “1. the branch of knowledge dealing with past events. 2.
a continuous, systematic narrative of past events as relating to a particular people, country, period, person, etc. , usually written as a chronological account; chronicle: a history of France; a medical history of the patient. ” Define “Explanation”: According to Dictionary. com, the definition of the word “explanation” is: “1. A statement made to clarify something and make it understandable. 2. A meaning or interpretation. ” Link the definitions and write about each knowledge areas’ objectives (science, to understand and explain the world around us) Mid-section 1 Present to the reader an example of a scientific and historical explanation.
A scientific explanation must be exact e. g. : Force = Mass x Speed. There is no possible way to change the formula and have it still be true. No other combination of variables can be used to calculate force. Similar to math, scientific explanations rely on the use of quantitative data. Use of quantitave data. Mid-section 2 Furthermore, historians will only ever obtain actual knowledge from a past piece of data if it is recovered. The veracity of such data cannot always be confirmed whereas scientists deal with evidence and data that is right before their eyes by use of experimentations.
(e. g. : Turin shroud) Historical explanations are interpretative. E. g. : “Why did Hitler dislike Jews? ” The answer to this question may remain unsure forever, Hitler himself might have not even known the exact answer to it. The best we can do to answer this is to merely compose suppositions backed up by plausible explanations. Some may say it was because of his Jewish father who mistreated him, or because of the Jewish doctor who couldn’t prevent his mother from dying. Maybe it was due to mental insanity and devilishness, wanting to create pain and suffering to others for no reason.
The answer to this question won’t be exact because there isn’t a particular correct answer, Use of qualitative data. Mid-section 3 Describe uses of inductive and deductive knowledge used in these knowledge areas. The fact that sometimes science is used to prove historic facts and aid in the explanation process is relevant. E. g. : The use of Carbon14 (Cu14) to find the exact date of an old material which is supposedly dated from the 1800i?? s. Conclusion Synthesize all said previously focusing mostly on the most important point. The conclusion will be more easily written once the body of the essay is complete.
Main points: Integration deductive and inductive method in science and history Reasoning in history is made up of hypothesis Science being exact Final Essay What similarities and differences are there between historical and scientific explanations? This question has taunted philosopher`s minds in recent years. Before appointing the similarities and differences between these knowledge areas, we must understand specifically what each of them mean. The definition of the word “science” is: “Systematic knowledge of the physical or material world gained through observation and experimentation.
“1 This definition shows us that the sciences rely on factual proof and evidence to be considered valid, there are no estimations allowed. Science must be exact. The definition of the word “history” is: “1. the branch of knowledge dealing with past events, usually written as a chronological account;”2 History has the aim of accounting for past events without being biased, but it is difficult of assuring its veracity if there aren`t eye witnesses. Science aims to help us understand the world and its natural events by means of explanation and experimentation.
The definition of the word “explanation” is: “1. a statement made to clarify something and make it understandable. “3 Now that the definitions have been presented, the similarities and differences between the methods used to explain the events in each of the both knowledge areas must be shown. The most lucid divergence between science and history is that science must always be exact. There is no space for estimations in science, because it is a knowledge area that relies on accurate quantitative data. This data must support a hypothesis, and it must be confirmed by practical experimentation.