They are also likely to conduct research and supervise graduate student work in an area of special interest. There are an astonishing variety of branches and subjects that fit into this field. For instance: biological psychology, abnormal psychology, social psychology, and many more. A doctorate in psychology (Ph. D. or Psy. D. ) is recommended. Some positions are available to people with a master’s degree, but they are jobs of lesser responsibility and lower salaries than those open to people with a doctorate. Usually in a clinical or counseling psychology, requirements for a Ph. D.
or Psy. D. includes one year of internship or supervised experience. In many search fields, psychologists are required to complete a postdoctoral fellowship. Unlike psychiatrists, psychologists do not need to attend medical school. High school students interested in studying psychology should enroll in a college preparatory course and they should concentrate especially on English, math, and science courses. Reading comprehension of languages, such as French and German, are usually required for obtaining a doctoral degree. Therefore, it is recommended also to take modern foreign languages.
Psychologists who desire to enter private practice and school psychologists employed in the public school system must meet state certification or licensing requirements. People who are attracted in exploring the profession of psychology should definitely read all they can about this field, including biographies of and works by noted psychologists. It is also suggested for them to seek an appointment to talk with a professional psychologist who may work at a nearby school, college, university, hospital, or clinic. To begin with, a university placement office will be able to help a college graduate find a position.
The student’s professors, colleagues, or friends, may also know of job opportunities in professional positions. Other job search methods include searching for newspaper ads or meeting an employer through a former job. A psychologist at a college or university may advance and prosper through the academic ranks from instructor to professor. Some college teachers that enjoy administrative work may be advanced to department head and psychologists who work for state or federal government agencies may be promoted to head a section or department.
School psychologists may be made directory of pupil personnel services and industrial psychologists may rise to executive or administrative positions. After many years of experience and knowledge, psychologists may also enter private practice or evens set up their own research or consulting firms. Psychologists address all sorts of fascinating issues and problems. Graduates in psychology are usually highly sought after by a wide range of organizations to work in human services, as research officers, human resource mangers, marketing, and advertising personnel.
Normally after completing a bachelor degree with a major in psychology, graduates tend to undertake a fourth year in this field and they continue to further study in areas of professional psychology. People major in psychology because of various reasons. Many wish to continue their studies to enroll in non-psychology professional programs (such as law, education, or social work) while others study this to gain a better understanding of people so that they can later use this knowledge for teaching, management, or in other business-related careers.
The majority of the apprentices enter straightly into psychology-related positions in areas such as rehabilitation or human services. Nowadays, psychologists hold about 241,000 jobs in the United States and unemployment among new psychologists is rare. About 48 percent of psychologists are employed in human service settings (ex: hospitals, counseling centers, community mental health centers, and clinics). About 30 percent work in academia and 14 percent in business, government, and other settings (for instance, nonprofit agencies, private labs, or research organizations).
Only about 8 percent of the psychologists work in schools or other educational settings. Also, about one third of the psychologists that work full time carry on an independent practice as a secondary position and many of them have their own research or consulting business. There will be a greater demand for psychologists in places where there is an increased emphasis on health maintenance and illness prevention as well as growing interest in psychological services for special groups.
Outstanding psychologists with a doctorate from a leading university will most definitely have no problem obtaining employment in top academic institutions. Prospects look best for doctorate holders in applied areas such as counseling, clinical, and health psychology. Competition will be severe for people with only a master’s or bachelor’s degree in psychology. The average salary for psychologists with a master’s degree can range from $37,500 for faculty positions up to $67,000 for research administration positions.
Depending on the region and the position of a beginner psychologist with a master’s degree, they are most likely to earn a salary of about $20,000 or perhaps less. The median salary for all psychologists with doctorial degrees is about &65,000 and their average starting salaries can rage from $29,500 (a lecturer/instructor in a university psychology department) up to $52,000 (a psychologist working in business or industry). Psychologists employed in business or industry usually earn the highest average salaries (about $80,000) compared to the psychologists that work in any other setting.
Psychologists in faculty positions earn an average salary of $50,000 a year, while those in administrative positions in colleges or universities generally have higher earning than other psychologists. Clinical psychologists (those who primarily work in private practice, hospitals, health centers, or colleges) earn an average of $60,000 a year. Counseling psychologists make about an average of $52,000 yearly in their salary and school psychologists earn about $60,000. Human service administrators, whose duties primarily include personnel supervision, make $58,000 a year on average.
Psychologists in private practice and in applied specialties generally have higher earnings than other psychologists. The majority of the psychologists are able to supplement their basic earning with fees from writing, lecturing, or consulting. Psychologists work under many different conditions. Those who are employed in colleges or in universities usually own their own offices in a building on campus and have access to a laboratory in which they can carry out experiments. School psychologists may be located in the school system headquarters and they may also see students and their parents at these offices.
Psychologists employed in government may work in a variety of places, such as in public health or in vocational rehabilitation agencies, the Department of Veterans Affairs, the Peace Corps, the U. S. Office of Education, or a state department of education. Their working conditions depend mainly on the kind of job they have because some may be required to travel a lot or to produce publications while other may work mainly with people or are assigned entirely to only research. Nonetheless, there are some psychologists that are self-employed and most of them work as clinical psychologists and have offices where they can see their clients.
Others work as consultants to business firms. These psychologists either rent or own their office space and arrange their own work schedules. In order to become a successful psychologist, one must have the desire to help others understand themselves as well as others. A basic curiosity is required along with a fascination with the way the human mind works. In conclusion, studying psychology leads to a greater perceptive of how humans think and behave. As a student of this field, one must definitely gain insight into themselves and they must develop a greater awareness about the psychological processes of others.
If interested in people and in their basic motivations, this field offers everyone the opportunity to explore the inner lives and emotions of individuals as well as groups. For whatever one’s reasons for choosing this major, the study of psychology will always broaden one’s knowledge of people and their behavior and teach others how to study behavior in a scientific way.
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“Careers in Psychology” Psychology (March 1999): 318-29. 6 August 2001. < http://www. lasierra. edu/departments/psychology/careers/careerspsyc. html>. Steingart, Sandra K. “School Psychology Resources for Psychologists, Parents, and Educators” School Psychology Resources Online. Pulaski Park Drive, Baltimore. 1995-2002. < http://www. schoolpsychology. net/p_04. html#sp>. Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia 2002. “Psychology” Microsoft Corporation. (c) 1993-2001. Bedford, St. Martin’s. “Using MLA Style to Cite and Document Sources. ” Citation Styles. 2003. ; http://www. bedfordstmartins. com/online/cite5. html;.